I am getting a ton of calls from journalists wanting some historical context for Caroline Kennedy’s likely appointment to the U. S. Senate. Even one of the presidential historian – talking heads has checked in, asking for example, if there have been other children of presidents who have served in the Senate. “Just Adams and Taft, right?” one famous historian wanted to know. Gotta make sure before going onto TV to tell the world.
Yep, just Adams and Taft. Caroline Kennedy would make three. Although there have been eight who served in the House of Representatives, four in the cabinet, five ambassadors and two governors, both Bushes.
Of course, Kennedy is not in yet. Presumably she would be appointed to finish the term of Hillary Clinton, whom President Elect Obama is going to make his Secretary of State. A lot of history there. Clinton will be the first former first lady to serve in the cabinet, although Eleanor Roosevelt was Ambassador to the United Nations and Edith Galt Wilson practically ran the whole country for her incapacitated husband.
U. S. Senators who were children of presidents
1.) John Quincy Adams was the first son born to an American president. Born in 1767 to John and Abigail Adams, he was a bit of a child prodigy, who accompanied his father on foreign trips and was serving at the ambassadorial level for the new United Sates in his twenties. He served as a U. S. Senator from Massachusetts from 1803 – 1808. He would later be an ambassador again, secretary of state, and president before returning to the House of Representatives in his later years.
2.) Robert Taft, son of the 27th president, William Howard Taft, served as a Senator from Ohio from 1939 – 1953. He ran for president three times, and for awhile, was considered a front runner in the 1952 election. Although a Republican, Taft was named one of the five greatest senators of all time by a committee chaired by Caroline Kennedy’s own father, then Senator John F. Kennedy.
Referred to as “Mr. Republican,” Bob Taft was the father of the modern conservative movement.
If Caroline Kennedy becomes the third presidents’ kid to serve in the U. S. Senate, there were three others who tried and failed, two of them ran for the elusive California seat.
The other candidates for the U. S. Senate who were children of presidents
1.) U. S. “Buck” Grant, Jr. was at the heart of a major scandal, talking his father, the former president, into joining the ill fated Grant and Ward brokerage firm. Some concluded that the only thing that saved the young Grant from prison was the conclusion that he was more incompetent than culpable. Years later, when he tried for a comeback by entering into the race for the U. S. Senate from California, the old charges resurfaced along with new ones, including bribery. The new charges were eventually proven to be false, the product of “dirty politics.” But the race was lost.
2.) Maureen Reagan ran for the Senate from California in 1982. Her own father, who was then president, refused to break his pledge of remaining neutral in primary battles and wouldn’t endorse her. Maureen lost. She tried again for the House of Representatives and lost. But Maureen is the only child of a president to serve as the Chairman of a major political party. During her father’s second term, and in spite of White House aides trying to shoot down the idea, thinking that her public persona was only a reminder to the masses that Reagan had been married and divorced, she was elected the Republican National Co-Chairman.
3.) John William “Jack” Carter, a millionaire investment consultant, and eldest son of President Jimmy Carter, ran for the Senate from Nevada in 2006. Carter won the primary and might have pulled off an upset against a well heeled opponent but Carter became gravely ill in the last months of the campaign and was hospitalized. Most say he has a political future if he wants it.